Gemstones

emerald

EMERALD

Hardness 7.5-8 | May Birthstone
The most valuable emeralds are a striking perfect “emerald green”, fairly clear and perfectly cut. The most important factor in determining value is color. It is one of the most precious gemstones in the world. In many cultures emeralds are believed to have healing properties.

ruby

RUBY

Hardness 9 | July Birthstone
The most valuable rubies are an intense bright red, fairly clear and perfectly cut. The closer the color is to blood red, the more valuable it is. Most natural rubies have some cloudiness or imperfections. Rubies are considered to be sacred to many cultures.

sapphire

SAPPHIRE

Hardness 9 | September Birthstone
The color of a sapphire is one of the most important factors in determining its value. While they come in all colors except red (ruby), the brightest and most intense blue are the most valuable. Clarity is also important in determining value. A stone of quality is free from visible inclusions . For centuries sapphires are considered to be symbolic gems with healing properties.

amethyst

AMETHYST

Hardness 7 | February Birthstone
Amethyst is most valuable in a deep, strong purple color. Another strong indicator of value is clarity . Amethyst is readily available in many shapes and sizes. Amethyst is purple quartz. It is also very important in mythology and symbology.

aquamarine

AQUAMARINE

Hardness 7.5-8 | March Birthstone
Aquamarine is valued for its unique “aqua” blue color and is made from blue beryl ( the same mineral as emerald). Cut is an important factor in price since aquamarine is prone to inclusions. It is not uncommon to see aquamarine in large sizes. Aquamarine is associated with legends, meaning and symbology. It is also used in crystal healing.

citrine

CITRINE

Hardness 7 | November Birthstone
Citrine is a form of quartz with a wide color range from very pale yellow to deep burnt orange. The stronger more intense and orange the color, the more valuable the stone is although it’s not particularly rare. The stone is said to have powerful symbolism and healing energetic properties.

garnet

GARNET

Hardness 7-7.5 | January Birthstone
Garnets are a family of gemstone that is available in every color but blue. Usually, “garnet” refers to a dark red shade. Garnets have a high luster, and clarity that is important when determining value. Garnets are thought to have healing properties.

peridot

PERIDOT

Hardness 6.5-7 | August Birthstone
Peridot’s most striking feature is its bright green color. While not rare, large pieces with great color can be pricey. Also, Peridot is the gem variety of olivine.

topaz

TOPAZ

Hardness 8 | December Birthstone
Topaz comes in a range of colors. Value is determined by color and intensity. Topaz is available in large sizes so clarity and cut are larger determiners of value. There have been many references to topaz in ancient texts.

tourmaline

SAPPHIRE

Hardness 9 | September Birthstone
The color of a sapphire is one of the most important factors in determining its value. While they come in all colors except red (ruby), the brightest and most intense blue are the most valuable. Clarity is also important in determining value. A stone of quality is free from visible inclusions . For centuries sapphires are considered to be symbolic gems with healing properties.

opal

OPAL

Hardness 5-6.5 | October Birthstone
There are several types of opals. Opals are minerals not crystals like other gemstones. Precious opal has beautiful flashes of color that make it very desirable. Common opal has the same properties minus the display of color. Boulder opal is sections of opal in ironstone rock. Opals contain water and are thought to have healing properties.